Anarchism in general has a tradition of being totally against the state and in turn nationalism but those who practice radical politics in such places as South Asia have a historical tradition that necessitates nationalism. This condition of politics in South Asia is contradictory to a radical politics and specifically anarchist ideology that is against nationalism as a road to revolutionary and anarchist modes of political engagement..
Decolonizing Anarchismlooks at the history of South Asian struggles against colonialism and neocolonialism, highlighting lesser-known dissidents as well as iconic figures. This approach reveals an alternate narrative of decolonization, in which achieving a nation-state is not the objective. Maia Ramnath also studies the anarchist vision of alternate society, which closely echoes the concept of total decolonization on the political, economic, social, cultural, and psychological planes. This facilitates not only a reinterpretation of the history of anticolonialism, but insight into the meaning of anarchism itself.